Division: A – Elementary
NC Essential Standards Alignment: 2.E.1, 5.E.1
Event Rules: Weather Permitting Rules 2021
Event Score Sheet: None
This is typically a station event. Participants will rotate through a series of stations and be asked basic questions on the weather topics outlined in this year’s rules. In 2021 there will be a focus on Everyday Weather.
Teams MUST bring writing instruments. No other resources are allowed. Event leaders will bring all other materials.
Are Division A/elementary students expected to actually use and read instruments on the day of competition? Or are they expected to just know what they look like and what they are used for? (e.g., being shown a picture of a barometer, would the students have to know it measures pressure? Or would the students actually have to read the pressure on a barometer?)
It is fair game to ask them the name, what it measures, and how to read the pressure or temperature. They will not be asked to do things like calculate wind speeds from anemometers.
Will Div A students be expected to read graphs?
Heck yeah! Not super complicated graphs, but graphs should be in every Sci Oly event.
For example: we could include a graph with days on the x-axis, and air temperature on the y-axis. The graph would show a sharp decrease in air temperature on one of the days (cold front). Then we might ask:
- On what day did the air temperature change the most?
- Did the air temperature increase or decrease?
- What type of front went through the area on Day X, when the air temperature changed the most, a warm front or a cold front?
- What type of weather most likely happened on Day X, when the air temperature changed the most? (choices: cloudy, with some rain, OR sunny and clear skies, with no rain)
Where can I find charts that show recent weather conditions with time, like how pressure is changing with time, at a weather station near my school?
For the past few days of weather, one interactive web site that might help is this NOAA site. To see a site’s data, click on a site on the map. Zoom in to see more sites pop up. Doesn’t look like pressure is included on the default graphs on the web page. However, the pressure data are there in a table. A teacher could copy the pressure data even into MS Excel from the web page and make a graph for students to read.
The American Meteorological Society has a web page with meteograms (but not a lot of cities): https://www.ametsoc.org/amsedu/dstreme/metgram.html.
I found a few other sites with meteograms but I haven’t dug into them too much. The following web sites may be helpful: https://www.eol.ucar.edu/content/forecast-model-links,
“Mesonets” are surface-based weather observation networks. They have lots and lots of stations and are considered “high resolution”. The Oklahoma Mesonet is one of the oldest ones – they’re a gold standard. They have meteograms – http://www.mesonet.org/index.php/weather/meteogram/. So does a Mesonet program from New York State – e.g., http://www.nysmesonet.org/weather/meteogram#network=nysm&stid=olea
What does an active weather day look like?
Weather Permitting 2019 Coaches Clinic Presentation (2020 Rules)
2019 Weather Permitting Test
Weather Permitting 2018 Coaches Clinic Presentation (2019 rules)
2018 Weather Permitting Test
Climate Change Online Lab
2016 Weather Permitting Test
Hurricanes – How Stuff Works
Hurricanes and Climate Change – New York Times video
Severe Weather – Crash Course Kids
Severe Storms – Khan Academy/ Nova
The Coriolis Effect and Hurricanes – Khan Academy/ Nova
How Hurricanes Work – infographic – Live Science
Winds, sea surface, chemistry and more!
WeatherSTEM: National School Weather Stations and Lesson plans and more!
Weather Underground: Live and past Hurricane Data
BBC take on Hurricanes, Typhoons, Cyclones
Looking at Storms in 3D
A Multidimensional View of a Hurricane
Water Falls: Getting the Big Picture
Dive into a 360- View of a Hurricane
NASA – Hurricanes & Tropical storms
Tropical Tidbits – great blog explaining current weather phenomena
NOAA – National Hurricane Center click on the Education and Outreach sections on the left side bar
The Weather Channel
NASA – Meteorology Educator’s Guide
The Teacher’s Guide – Weather
Internet4Classrooms- Weather Links
American Meteorological Society – lots of good info and links
Weather Wiz Kids – Tornados, Hurricanes, Rain and Floods, Safety, and many activities.
Hurricane Sandy – a summary
Archived storm reports from NOAA’s Storm Prediction Center: https://www.spc.noaa.
Archived weather maps that were the day’s forecast, from NOAA’s Weather Prediction Center: https://www.wpc.ncep.
Archived watches from NOAA’s Storm Prediction Center: https://www.spc.noaa.
– http://www.atmo.arizona.edu/images/news/Aish_Article.pdf (more technical, but some good graphics in the 2nd half of document)
2019 Science Olympiad: Meteorology
What is Climate? Video
NOAA – Climate
NOAA – Ten Climate Science Activities
Earth Climate Course
Earth Climate System – good notes
Good Climate Activity with answers
NASA Precipitation Education page, lots of good activities, scroll towards the bottom for a water cycle dice game